1.a) Philosophy of evolution

The advance of science is marked throughout history by major revolutions produced primarily by the discovery or explanation of natural events, the formulation of theories, and the development of new technologies.

Normally these great leaps of science evolution are associated with names such as Aristotle, Pythagoras, Galileo, Newton, etc., but it is important to recognize that, with no disrespect to these geniuses of mankind, their discoveries or theories were also the product of the culture and scientific environment of their times.

Likewise, we cannot forget the influence that philosophic tendencies and religions of different civilizations have had and still have on science evolution; on the other hand, many people think that each step taken by science brings human beings closer to such philosophic-religious ideas.

Perception, intuition, and logic are the three means used by humans in order to increase their dominion over nature. As we will see, the commonly named scientific method has three main variants based on these three instruments.

In this sense, perception and logic are concepts on two extreme ends of the scale while intuition would be in the middle; the latter allowing the formulation of theories that, in some cases, would surpass those which were developed through logic and perception, or a combination of both. To a certain extent, every theory is a combination of the three.

The objective of this online book is to present the Conditional Evolution, the product of concerns that we all have to a greater or lesser extent about the fundamental concepts of life and its evolution. Throughout the last few years a set of ideas have started forming that were rather vague and disconnected, yet had a deep meaning and, in some cases, were more poetic than scientific.

I have attempted to avoid at all times the use of strictly scientific terms in order to facilitate comprehension without diminishing the precision of the vocabulary used.

Undoubtedly, the area of focus has been so large and varied; ranging from elementary particles and energy, to the genetic evolution, sexual differentiation, the human brain, and complex systems that conceptually behave as if they were living beings; that some of the ideas will unavoidably be erroneous or incorrect, and many others already known.

Overall, as small as creativity may be, it needs to take certain risks in order to assert itself.  In any case, all of the ideas represent at least an element of consideration in the long road of scientific knowledge.

In this second edition, a series of scientific updates have been included, especially those related to biological evolution, which has appeared in recent years and later than the initial essay on the General Theory of Conditional Evolution of Life (GTCEL). With those updates I am trying to give an idea of what, how and when, some advances in scientific knowledge currently taking place show to the public. In addition, of course, how some of the GTCEL’s proposals have been confirmed since their appearance in 1990; when they looked foolishnesses and strange reflections of the creator of the free billiards game, Esnuka, where this theory of evolution was included in the instructions.

Spiral staircase
Spiral staircase

The evolutionary theory GTCEL (General Theory of Conditional Evolution of Life) discusses on the one hand, the cause of changes in genetic information (DNA) and, on the other hand, the form in which these genetics changes are transmitted to descendants. Its proposals are closer to the theories of Lamarck and Mendel than to the evolutionary theory of Darwin.

Likewise, this theory of evolution presents numerous lines of investigation, development, and further exploration of a wide subject matter in light of the innovative approaches it contributes.

In particular, a direct development of the General Theory of Conditional Evolution (GTCEL) has been the Global Cognitive Theory; both theories address the central theme of intelligence, its mechanisms, origin, and evolution from various perspectives.

Another related book is The EDI Study - Evolution and Design of Intelligence; this statistical study is an empirical research about some considerations of the Global Cognitive Theory related with the brain and evolution, in particular the definition of intelligence.

Finally, the Global Scientific Method has a section about the theory of evolution and the philosophy of science.