1.c) The human brain
Despite the numerous studies on how the human brain works, we should acknowledge that many of the questions asked regarding this subject continue to be an enigma. Its complexity needs not be debated.
The link between the human brain and modern computers is an enthralling subject given the similarities that can be seen between the two mechanisms in regards to problem solving. They are mainly similar in the storage and management of a tremendous amount of information.
Special attention is dedicated to the similarities between the way brains and computers work because of the advantage of being able to largely analyze or explain a great part of the human brain's essential questions with a model that is much simpler and widely recognized by everyone.
The technological advances made by human beings has allowed for machines to be designed that are capable of emulating certain cerebral operations, managing to surpass the human brain in certain instances, for example in calculation and mathematical memory.
Due to both the previously mentioned intuitive nature and the breadth of the subject, I am not trying to perform a systematic analysis of the human brain, but rather comment on some ideas and reflections in a very simplified fashion that may draw the most attention for assuming, to some extent, new contributions or those taken from today's culture regarding this subject, especially from the General Theory of Conditional Evolution of Life.
On the other hand, the rapid evolution of these cerebral operations that we believe to exist has been one of the greatest reasons for the reflections that have lead us to the development and formulation of the cited theory.
In fact, the contents of this book were initially included in the appendix of the GTCEL book. The statistical study performed on the heritability of intelligence that appears in the annex led to the definitive separation of the books in order to focus both on very different yet, at the same time, totally linked subjects.
Time will tell if the new ideas are heading in a good direction or not and if the changes or clarifications that have been made were necessary. I hope that it will not take long to shed light on the surprising results of the stated statistical study given that it seems to confirm the hereditary nature of global and relational intelligence, the significance of the gene with less intellectual potential in the study of the typical IQ (a specific case of conditional intelligence), important functions of sexual differentiation, and the existence of a finalistic evolution.
1.d) Human brain diagram
Advanced animals can be considered symbiotic macro-societies of more elemental units with their own lives -cells. The fact that advanced animals are highly organized is essential; this gives this group an enormous intellectual potential and their own will, independent of these elemental units.
The figure shows a functional diagram of the human brain that graphically represents the main concepts and their connections, discussed in the following sections.
Modularity and connectionism in the human brain are two philosophical approaches that could well be complementary as shown by the human brain diagram below.
Likewise, the current theories on mental structures (constructivism - Jean Piaget and innatism - Noam Chomsky) appear to be two ways of looking at the complex reality; as far as I am concerned, they need not be so conflicting. Furthermore, I would not like to start discussing some of the simplifications and the rather unfounded affirmations of innatism.
The brain is the organ responsible for carrying out superior cognitive functions. Nevertheless, these are surely not the only functions the brain carries out, for example, the human brain's decision-making system can feasibly contain democratic elements with a connection to individual cells that in certain cases may serve the purpose of a mere coordinator.