III.c) Einstein’s theories and the twin paradox
In a physics book explaining the twin paradox, it says at the end, “… What happened was that the accelerations of A altered his biological processes, and therefore –when the conclusions of General Relativity for the case of the altered clocks are applied– we find that upon his return, A will be younger than B…”
Even if this were to be true –which is improbable, given that is an impossible and imaginary thought experiment– it would not have anything to do with supposed relativity of time.
Let us see a counterexample: we have two identical pieces of wood, one of which we leave without moving; the other we drag along the ground at a great velocity, and after a few kilometers, we return it to its original place.
There will surely be a difference in the apparent “age” of the two pieces of wood. However, I am sorry, but I do not see any alteration of time itself.
Likewise with the twin paradox; one of them would suffer the effect of speed, with alterations in his mass and –following this totally unreal example– his metabolism would surely be altered, and so he might age quickly (instead of dying of excitement).
However, I still do not see any demonstration when it comes to changes in speed of time, as Einstein’s theories state. We all know there are some animals that have a much faster metabolism than ours. Nevertheless, we do not think that they live in a parallel universe or anything like that.
To sum up, although it could ultimately be a correct example, the twin paradox poses three important problems when it comes to scientific method. The first one, already mentioned above, is that it is a mathematical and unreal example, which deals with vital aspects out of normal context.
The second, Special Relativity (SR) uses a forced language style full of technical connotations and mixed with common and everyday language.
Finally, the third problem with the twin paradox is that, due to the interrelation of the first two problems, it stretches limits of capacity of the human brain; common sense becomes artificially limited. In other words, why does he use this example or thought experiment, with its difficulties or disadvantages?
It seems to me very simple; providing we can swap one twin for another –I suppose that is the idea behind calling it twin paradox–, if there is nothing to prevent it –such as in the supposition of Special Relativity–, one could never be older than the other could. Certainly, you do not need mathematics for this simple and immediate reasoning.
The twin paradox is a well-known paradoxical example that describes Einstein’s theories. It also poses biggest problems when it comes to scientific method, as it is a totally theoretical and unfeasible thought experiment.
The twin paradox is an intrinsic contradiction to relativity of time, which has no solution, unless applying General Relativity (RG). That is to say, creating privileged frames of reference in order to distinguish between which twin moves or accelerates more. However, this is just opposite meaning of pure relativity.
In addition, SR should always be a special case of GR; therefore, the solution should have been present in Einstein’s first theory.
In fact, GR says just the opposite to SR in many aspects; in this way, with tailored definitions and with either one or the other, practically everything is explained, both the real and the imaginary.
Einstein’s theories are a set of ideas that work. They work because they really include some mathematical rules of nature, it cannot be any other way. However, when its mathematical apparatus does not obscure laws of physics, it denaturalizes them completely.
When I have asked authentic experts, “why light deviates double amount in relativity than in Newton’s Law of Gravitation?” No one has been able to give me any non-mathematical reason. It must be that no one or almost no one knows the physical meaning behind field equations and their operations for this case.
Anyway, besides very few people understand Einstein’s theory, the theory makes one or two important mistakes, which, as a whole, create an important obstacle for the current development of science in this area.
Ptolemy’s theory with respect to terrestrial geocentrism also worked –until it stopped working–. Einstein’s theories mean not only a return to this geocentrism, but an accentuation along this line, as they bestow the honor of being the center of the universe upon any point or particle, which they call the observer.
In fact, General Theory of Relativity creates a privileged frame of reference, as it situates mass and its gravitational effect in geometry of space-time, though unfortunately for Philosophy, it still inverts definition of gravity with respect to its math-physics dichotomy.
To finish this book, here you have a bit of poetic prose. In addition to the innocent twins of the thought paradox, there are particular elements that, to my understanding, want to resign from relativity because they are not happy. I am referring to the following:
Love, who’s furious
Tormented by the chimeric equations. He told me he loves mine!
Relativity of time and space
One thing is to make time a bit relative, like in the hypothetical case of the Venusian little red dwarf, but quite another is brutal changes that the poor meson suffers before disintegrating, despite its short lifespan!
Continuing with the meson, it must also have eagle eyes, because it sees every meter as almost sixteen times normal ones.
Indeed, mathematics is a tool for explaining reality. However, to alter reality to such extremes, in order to explain the mathematics, well, I do not think the little meson quite understands that.
The ignorant observer
Any observer would wish to be at least as intelligent as we could make him.
The pale light
Weakened by brightness of fix constants of boredom
Gravity, who’s sad
Locked up and imprisoned in imaginary tower of mathematical space-time.
That feels environmental gap between scientific knowledge and its basic society understanding.
That feels unjustly limited and exaggerated, depending on how you look, think or handle it!
Nonetheless, it does not look like a simple task, convincing everybody of errors in Einstein’s theories in order to wipe them from the map –even if they were truly mistaken.
As time passes, it becomes a more arduous task; but at the same time it shows that time is not as relative as many living beings might wish.
All in good time!
* * *