II.c.4.b) Characteristics and nature of light

In the previous section, we have seen the nature of light from the point of view of its reality or material support and its relations with mass and kinetic energy.

Now we will complete the nature of light with an analysis of its characteristics with respect to movement. Let us note that knowing the nature of light explained in the previous paragraph is necessary in order to understand the characteristics of propagation of light.

It refers to the characteristics of light about its velocity, derived from the fact that gravity field –luminiferous aether or tension of longitudinal curvature of the filaments of the global aether– is the supporting medium upon which the transverse mechanical waves of electromagnetic energy propagate.

The book Physics and Global Dynamics studies the behavior and characteristics of light regarding movement.

These characteristics of light can group in the two following points:

  • The tension of reticular structure of matter as a support medium of light

    Light travels in vacuum without a need for a support medium, in accordance with Relativistic Physics and Quantum Mechanics.

    As we have seen in the book Global Mechanics, one of the characteristics of electromagnetic energy is that it is a transverse mechanical wave upon the tension of the global aether or reticular structure of matter.

    The characteristics of light due to its supporting medium, and directly related to its velocity are the following:

    • Constant velocity

      In Einstein’s Relativity Theory, the speed of light is constant in vacuum, as a mathematical axiom or theoretical postulate.

      In Global Dynamics, the speed of light is constant provided the medium upon which it travels is not changed, and neither are any of the characteristics that influence the velocity of the transverse mechanical waves.

      The gravity field is considered the support medium of light, and it is a non-dispersive medium. Consequently, if the tension of the longitudinal curvature of filaments, which generates the gravitational potential energy, alters, then the speed of light will change.

    • Maximum velocity

      In Einstein’s theory, the speed of light in vacuum is the maximum speed, as an axiom or theoretical postulate.

      As we have seen, in Global Dynamics, the speed of light is variable and, among others, as a function of gravitational potential energy.

      Moreover, it is not maximum as it is additive with the velocity of its supporting medium, as it is commented in the following point.

    • Additive speed of light with respect to its natural reference system

      The behavior of light is a special kind of inertial when analyzed from an external point to its natural frame of reference. For us, this natural or privileged frame of reference is normally the Earth.

      Given that, humans are a bit Earth-centered, and that all initial experiments carried out on Earth, the idea of non-inertial nature of light was suitable. By the characteristic of inertial, I mean it in the sense that the speed of light incorporates the velocity of the source.

      This is why I say special inertial characteristic, because the speed of light is only additive when measured from outside, because inside its natural reference system it is always the same one, provided the properties of its supporting medium are not altered. In order to understand what I mean, or to explain myself better, light behaves on Earth like the drag of a snake on the wagon of a train, or on the sand on the ground, with the same speed in every direction!

      The snake on the wagon only goes faster in one direction than in another when measuring its speed from the ground –or another planet!

      ESA –before it was NASA– has scheduled the LISA experiment to try to detect gravitational waves in space. In order to do this, it will send three spacecraft into space and carry out an interferometry experiment similar to the Michelson-Morley one. I believe that this experiment will completely confirm the above section, thereby putting an end to Einstein’s Theory of Relativity.

      Among others, the above experiment allows Global Physics to be a scientific theory, as it proposes the experimental verification of its affirmations. The book Scientific Experiments in Global Physics explains in detail the Distant Michelson-Morley experiment. This is identical to the LISA experiment, initially projected by NASA.

      Luminiferous aether Photon propagation
      Drawing of propagation of a photon through luminiferous ether
  • Light and Newton’s Law of Gravitation

    The propagation of light changes not only by its supporting medium, but also by this support medium’s own characteristics.

    We have just seen that the speed of light is neither constant nor maximum; now we will see purely gravitational effects on the propagation of light.

    One must not confuse this effect of the gravity field on light speed with the curvature effect explained by the book Law of Global Gravity. The latter explains in depth why if affects light double than mass.

    Let us see the following natural phenomena:

    • The curvature of light by stars

      Einstein’s Relativity Physics explains the phenomenon of curvature of light with a contraction or expansion of space due to a geometric effect of the continuum, named gravity.

      The book of the Global Law of Gravity affirms in its section about Energy Experiments that this natural phenomenon of curvature of light and that of gravitational redshift are the same physical phenomenon. The double curvature with respect to the hypothetical effect in Newton’s Law of Gravitation is due to the second component of the atractis causa or Merlin effect, also explained in said book.

    • Gravitational redshift

      Einstein’s theory explains the characteristic of the gravitational redshift with a temporal dilation.

      The section gravitational redshift of light of the book Global Law of Gravity explains this natural phenomenon with a change in tension of the longitudinal curvature of the filaments of global aether. In particular, result of the interplay of forces and energies of the supporting medium is additive to light’s own energy, due to the exchange of internal energy produced.