María José T. Molina
THEORY OF MEMORY
1. Brain memory
The Memory, Language and other Brain Abilities online book is the third chapter of The Global Cognitive Theory paperback. Therefore it is highly recommended to read the previous two books for a better understanding of the given proposals and concepts.
In the introduction of the first online book, The Brain and Modern Computers, The Global Cognitive Theory is a consequence of the application of the General Theory of the Conditional Evolution of Life to evolutionary psychology. I also comment the table of related links and I mention the most significant scientific experiments supporting both theories.
The above-mentioned book also contains a small summary of the four online books of the Global Cognitive Theory, giving a quick perspective of the theory.
The book The Brain and Computers, besides describing a general scheme of the cognitive functions of the brain, it states the basic idea that in the concept of intelligence is implicitly included the memory and vice versa.
This interrelation between intelligence and memory suggests an additional reason for the suitability of reading the Intelligence, Intuition and Creativity online book.
The essay about intelligence has two big sections with direct repercussions on the memory and language theory. On the one hand, the model of knowledge management with the involvement of the elegant intelligence help us to classify the memory; both from the point of view of the object, regarding to the reliability and time reaction of the memory answers, and the temporal horizon. The other big section refers to the genetic character of the cognitive functions, like intelligence and memory.
The second section of the Memory, Language and other Brain Abilities book is about the interesting topic of how to improve memory from a realistic perspective of no existence of miracles or supernatural improvements. However, it roughly points out how to help the natural brain working; which would be easier the better the functional structure is known or the evolutionary psychology understood.
The next section tells the types of memory, analyzing separately the conscious processes and the temporal horizon of the memory. Among the first types, we can point out the instantaneous memory and the specialized ones, which have very particular characteristics, like the visual, linguistic or emotional memory. Concerning the temporal horizon, it discusses the classic distinction of short, medium and long term.
At the same time, it expresses two subjects about reliability and integrity of memory. Whereas reliability of the answers given by the memory manager, which is the intelligence, we have certainly advanced in the second book of Cognitive Global Theory, the thinking on the integrity leads us to a discussion about the unconscious mechanisms of compression, degradation and reconstruction of the information.
The fourth section studies the mechanisms of conscious optimization curry out by the brain, and the influence of the environmental conditions. It uses the expressions automatic memory and directed memory to emphasize the possibilities of affecting the cited mechanisms of optimization.
Moreover, it describes strategies used by the brain to improve the management of the information, like the dynamic memory or pre-established packages, and to memorize only the opposite to the logic.
The last section refers to evolutionary genetics and neuroscience; it comments the limitations of a conceivable statistical study on the memory similar to the EDI Study - Evolution and Design of the Intelligence.
In particular, the problems of the statistical analysis on genetics and memory are due to the different types of memory, the lack of quality indicators and the effects of complementarities, owed to the interaction between the intelligence as the information manager and the cognitive ability to store the information.
Once we have an overall view of the cognitive function of the memory, we go further and try to explain the amazing language power of the brain, the linguistic memory and the verbal reasoning.
Finally, we add some considerations on the genetic base of the language and its evolution.