VI. SCIENTIFIC THEORY OF EVOLUTION
VI.1. Characteristics of the GTCEL
This theory of evolution of life can be classified from different points of view:
Philosophical and scientific theory
Every scientific theory has a philosophical substrate. In this case, the philosophical part is the teleological argument and the scientific side is the proposal of certain models to validate the theory using the scientific method.
It has a dual nature since it affects both science and philosophy. This scientific theory formulation tries to express the basic principles of the evolution of man, the origin of life and of evolution in general.
Orthogenetic and teleological theory
Teleological theory because assigns a finality to evolution, which is to widen the sphere of freedom and as an orthogenetic theory for admitting internal factors. I am aware of this philosophical postulate while formulating the theory, but those characteristics are important, nice and they could be very certain. Nevertheless, from a scientific point of view is irrelevant the teleological argument, if the aim of evolution is to amplify freedom or not.
I use the word relatively because, if their consequences are real, the most logical thing to do would be accept and admit the principles which have inspired the scientific theory, as long as a more consistent explanation is found.
As its very name indicates, this scientific theory has a general emphasis. Its formulation tries to express the general principles of evolution and the origin of life. It even goes a step forward, thinking that the same principles can be applied to any evolutionary system of vital impulse.
This scientific theory of evolution of life, at no time does it disagree with the established theories; quite the contrary, those theories form part of this global theory by way of point 3, as particular cases, as a consequence of different evolutionary conditions.
In most superior evolutionary processes, genetic modifications are certain to appear due to environmental influences, random elements, trial and error processes, changes already verified and natural and sexual selection will be present, as well as a genetic interchange from progenitors.
Simultaneously, continuous theory and scientific revolution
The General Theory of the Conditional Evolution of Life has a continuous nature because it starts from the important contributions of Lamarck, Darwin, and Mendel and from important commonly ignored trends opposed to the theory of natural selection. Besides, it develops, combines and modernizes the ideas of this matter according to the new contributions provided by advances in science and, especially, by the current culture of our society.
On the other hand, this is also a revolutionary theory because its results suppose a qualitative change in the concept of evolution of life, its origin and evolution. Whatever the case, as pointed out by the theory itself, evolutionary leaps can be, in general, represented analogically as the construction of a new building which is higher than the old ones, where several pillars and a more advanced general knowledge are needed.
Intuitive and of complex systems theory
The scientific method propose to validate these proposals is the hypothetic-deductive method or the method of validation of hypotheses. This method is typically use by scientific theories that modify previous theories related to complex systems and the intuition is a big source of their suggestions.
For the development of this theory has been used a methodology that may be it is not new, but very consistent with the idea of evolution, especially of those complex systems having a vital impulse.
On the other hand, I consider that this research methodology can be applied to other branches of knowledge inasmuch as they study complex systems that resemble the one of the evolution of live which I call vital impulse systems.
- Scientific theory of evolution
The purpose of the statistical research on elegant intelligence is to validate the model about the hereditary nature of relational intelligence. The idea is to prove the GTCEL (General Theory of Conditional Evolution of Life) through the detection of the existence of the Genetic Information Verification method (GIV).
The results of the EDI Study - Evolution and Design of Intelligence have been totally satisfactory; not only does it show the hereditary nature of the scores obtained in the human intelligence quotient measurements (IQ) but also that the genetic information with less intellectual potential is the significant one, as the GTCEL states regarding the concept of conditional intelligence.
- Multidisciplinary theory
As any theory of evolution, this one affects a wide range of other disciplines. Furthermore, to validate the theory will be necessary to use the knowledge of various disciplines.
Scientific theory of flying
Despite what was previously said, demonstrating something in a specific empirical study and having the chance of being considered as a scientific theory in a strict sense is one thing, and to consider that it has been definitively proven is quite another. More extensive studies and in more areas are needed in order to do so.
It is also true that news about science, biology and genetics, which perfectly fit with the GTCEL, such as the duplication of the rice genome and of many other fragments of DNA.
To date, it has only been checked with the EDI Study; the statistical research is in a spreading and additional empirical contrast stage with the purpose of being generally accepted by the scientific community and by society as a whole, and of contributing, of course, to the evolution of man and life.
For this reason, the Darwinout experiment has been proposed in the page on Studies on evolution of intelligence in order to verify the aforementioned extremes of this scientific theory with another much simpler research methodology, both in its execution and comprehension.
VI.2. Difficulties of the empirical research
The empirical validation of a theory is an essential component of every single theory which aspires to be a scientific one; without it, and until its falseness is proven, it will only be a theory but within the world of philosophy.
In principle, this theory presents a great number of difficulties when it comes to demonstrate it. On the one hand, it is obvious that its philosophical aspect cannot be proven. And on the other hand, its scientific implications are in the limits of perception with today’s technology, a common thing in almost every new theory.
To that effect, it should be noted that certain scientific innovations can have philosophical consequences, this is, aspects that have been considered as philosophical during a period can become scientific ones in a later period or vice versa, such as the case of god Ra.
Likewise, the fact of implying a radical shift in the generally accepted theory nowadays is an important barrier. Nevertheless, recent advances on biology and genetics are providing new knowledge of the evolutionary steps that hardly fit with the theory of Natural Selection or its updates.
From my point of view, recent news and certain theories or trends support the overall vision of this new theory. I have already mentioned some of them; let us remember that, as an example, the biological basis of language capacities are being clearly proposed for decades, and now specific DNA sequences that affect it are being discovered.
Other aspect which significantly increases the difficulty of being accepted by society is the consequences on philosophy, psychology and even religion, which are implied by the GTCEL in case it would be accepted.
Therefore, a personal adherence to this theory could easily come with its intuitive verification on sight of the explanations and examples given. However, it will not be so effortless due to the numerous contextual elements in its approach.
Despite what was previously said, from a strictly scientific point of view, it is possible to make several verifying attempts through the empirical research of partial aspects, which have been proven to be positive, and that in a way entail an indirect validation of the scientific content of the GTCEL or, at least, of the argumentative logic of its propositions.
Let us see now the solutions within the scientific model which are herein proposed regarding the supposition of the most reasonable hypothesis and the several models of partial verification of the scientific theory.
Most reasonable hypothesis
When two theories are presented to explain the same phenomenon but any of them can be irrefutably proven, an important argument may be the one of the "most reasonable hypothesis" in order to choose one or another. Only if those two theories are equally reasonable, the Occam's razor would intervene, but only in that case.
In that sense, I think that the rationality of the General Theory of the Conditional Evolution of Life is far higher than the one of Natural Selection because the first one explains more elements of reality and forms a more harmonious ensemble about evolution.
Another advantage of the GTCEL is that it incorporates the so-called vital impulse systems which can be more easily observed and measured than genetic evolution. To the extent that the proposed methodology for the empirical research of this systems contributes to any positive result, we could start to definitely tip the balance in favor of the new scientific theory.
Independently of said arguments, I really think that the proposed means of empirical verification or other means that may be conceived, have produce and will continue producing surprisingly positive results.
Certain hereditary diseases can be perfectly explained in the light of the General Theory of the Conditional Evolution of Life; for example, those that are typical of the male sex: as it only has one X gene, if it does not have a certain function, it cannot be replaced by the second X gene. Usually, the lack of recent functions, or of very ancient functions which have not yet evolved generating coherence or intern compatibility problems, will be treated from an evolutionary point of view.
NEWS ABOUT THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION
"They are people who do not relate what is written with what is spoken and who lose the concept of word...
There is not a unique criterion
about the origin and definition of this problem...
What does seem true is that dyslexia
is a genetic difference suffered by some people, that it is hereditary and that it basically causes learning problems..."
El País 27-05-2002
This is a known fact, explained in the same way but without the logic of the intern evolutionary dynamics.
Problems due to more complex hereditary functional lacks may perhaps have a more precise explanation by the General Theory of the Conditional Evolution of Life. As an example, several problems which involve what is generally known as dyslexia, whose hereditary nature is also called into question due to sociological problems, can be herein mentioned.
A real and important fact which perfectly fit in the approaches of the theory and various proposals of mathematical-statistical models for empirical research are hereinafter related. As we will see, the relations between the explanatory and the dependent variables have been formalized in detail for each of them.
Descendants of close parents
In humans, and probably in all superior animals, the sons that a man may have with his sister are feasible but are likely to have serious problems, probably caused by the lack of contrast of the genetic variations with an external source. This fact will also give us an idea of the large amount of variations which take place in only one generation, despite common assumptions. If the large amount of changes that have been produced were absolutely random, and taking into account the complexity and sensitivity of the system, the new living beings would not be feasible.
It can be asserted that this fact fits perfectly in the General Theory of the Conditional Evolution of Life while the other theories do not explain it at all.
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Mª José T. Molina
CONDITIONAL EVOLUTION OF LIFE